A pulp polyp, also known as chronic hyperplastic pulpitis, is a condition that typically occurs in a tooth with extensive decay or injury. It involves the growth of inflamed tissue within the pulp chamber. This growth may extend beyond the tooth, appearing as a pinkish swelling. Pulp polyps are more commonly found in deciduous (baby) teeth.
- Visible pinkish swelling in the affected tooth.
- Pain or discomfort, especially when chewing.
- Sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures.
- Root Canal Therapy: The primary treatment for pulp polyps involves a root canal procedure. The infected or damaged pulp tissue is removed, and the tooth is sealed to prevent further infection.
- Extraction: In some cases, especially with baby teeth, extraction may be considered if the tooth cannot be saved through root canal therapy.
Pulpitis is a more general term referring to the inflammation of the dental pulp, which is the soft tissue inside the tooth. It can be classified into two main types:
- Reversible Pulpitis: In this early stage, the pulp is inflamed, but the tooth can still heal. Proper dental treatment, such as a filling, can often resolve the issue.
- Irreversible Pulpitis: At this stage, the inflammation is severe, and the pulp cannot recover. Root canal therapy or tooth extraction may be necessary.
- Toothache, ranging from mild to severe.
- Increased sensitivity to hot or cold.
- Pain that may linger after the stimulus is removed.
- Root Canal Therapy: For irreversible pulpitis, the standard treatment is a root canal. This involves removing the inflamed pulp, cleaning the root canal, and sealing the tooth.
- Tooth Extraction: In cases where the tooth cannot be saved, extraction might be recommended.
Whether it’s a pulp polyp or pulpitis, early diagnosis and appropriate dental intervention are crucial for preserving oral health. Regular dental check-ups, maintaining good oral hygiene, and seeking prompt treatment for dental issues can help prevent complications and ensure a healthy smile. If you suspect any dental concerns, consult with a dental professional for an accurate diagnosis and tailored treatment plan.