Exploring the Facts and Myths of Root Canal Treatment
Exploring the Facts and Myths of Root Canal Treatment

Root canal treatment, often shrouded in myths and misconceptions, is a dental procedure that saves millions of teeth every year. Despite its reputation as a painful and dreaded experience, modern root canal therapy is a highly effective and virtually painless dental solution. In this article, we will delve into the facts and myths surrounding root canal treatment, providing you with a better understanding of this important dental procedure.

What is a Root Canal?

A root canal, technically known as endodontic therapy, is a dental procedure designed to treat an infected or damaged pulp within a tooth. The pulp, found in the center of a tooth, contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue. When this pulp becomes infected or injured, it can lead to severe pain, swelling, and the potential loss of the tooth.

Myth #1: Root Canals Are Excruciatingly Painful

One of the most common myths about root canals is that they are extremely painful. In reality, the purpose of a root canal is to relieve pain, not cause it. Modern dentistry has made significant advancements in pain management, and the procedure is now virtually painless.

During a root canal, your dentist will use local anesthesia to numb the affected area. This ensures that you won’t feel any pain during the procedure. Many patients report that the discomfort they experienced before the root canal due to the infected tooth was far more painful than the procedure itself.

Myth #2: Root Canals Cause Illness

An outdated and unfounded myth suggests that root canals can lead to various health issues, including heart disease and arthritis. This myth has been thoroughly debunked by numerous scientific studies, and there is no credible evidence to support these claims. Root canal treatment is a safe and effective way to preserve a natural tooth and maintain oral health.

Myth #3: It’s Better to Extract the Tooth

Some people believe that extracting a tooth is a better option than undergoing a root canal. While extraction may be necessary in certain situations, it should not be the first choice. Keeping your natural teeth whenever possible is important for maintaining proper oral function, aesthetics, and preventing further dental complications.

Root canal treatment preserves the structure and function of the tooth, and it is often the preferred choice to save a damaged or infected tooth.

The Root Canal Procedure

The root canal procedure typically involves the following steps:

  1. Local Anesthesia: Your dentist will administer local anesthesia to ensure you are comfortable and pain-free during the procedure.
  2. Access Opening: The dentist creates a small access opening in the crown of the tooth to reach the pulp chamber and root canals.
  3. Cleaning and Shaping: The infected or damaged pulp is removed, and the inside of the tooth is thoroughly cleaned and shaped to prepare it for filling.
  4. Filling and Sealing: After cleaning, the empty space is filled with a biocompatible material called gutta-percha. The access opening is sealed with a temporary or permanent filling.
  5. Restoration: In most cases, a tooth that has undergone a root canal will require a crown to protect and strengthen it, as the tooth may become more brittle over time.


Root canal treatment is a safe, effective, and often misunderstood dental procedure. Dispelling the myths surrounding root canals is essential to ensure that patients make informed decisions about their dental health. If you are experiencing tooth pain, don’t hesitate to consult with a dentist. In many cases, a root canal can save your natural tooth, alleviate pain, and improve your overall oral health.